Acne is a very common skin condition, even 90% of teenagers have acne in their skin. Adulthood acne is also common, 5% women and 3% of men can still have acne at the age of 40-50. Acne is a immunological skin infection, the details of the condition is still under investigation. Hormonal changes like puberty and genes make you more prone to acne. The sebaceous glands of the skin are more active and the skin is more oily than normal.
Acne is seen in the areas where there are lots of sebaceous glands, on face, chest and back. Black- and whiteheads can be seen when the sebaceous gland is blocked. The blocked sebaceous glands get infected and red spots and discharge form abscesses called cysts. The bacteria in the sebaceous cysts worsen the skin infection. It is unclear, why some develop acne during puberty and others during adulthood.
Mild acne can be controlled with regular skin cleansing and by using products from the pharmacy or by using doctors prescribed medicated treatment. It is very important to use right skin care products as for example an oily face cream can worsen the symptoms of acne. A course of oral antibiotics over couple of months is usually required for the treatment of moderate acne. Severe acne causing scarring can be treated efficiently with medication only prescribed by Dermatologists. Sebaceous cysts can be treated if needed with therapeutic medication injections. Acne can also be treated by laser-, radiofrequence- and lightimpulse or by a chemical peel done by Dermatologist.
In the treatment of acne, it is important to follow the daily facial cleansing routine and use the right skincare products. Salisylic acid - or bentsolperokside -based products are suitable to use at home, these are available at the pharmacy. It is advaisable to have blackheads caused by comedoacne seen to at the cosmetologist on regular basis. Skin care products used should not be too oily and cause blackheads.